English

Tocynnau Glofa

Ceri Thompson

Tocyn lamp 523 o Glofa Groesfaen
Tocyn lamp 523 o Glofa Groesfaen
Disg blastig goch Achub Glofaol
Disg blastig goch Achub Glofaol.

Mae tocynnau lamp yn wrthrychau hynod boblogaidd o'r diwydiant glo a cant eu casglu gan amgueddfeydd a'r cyhoedd yn gyffredinol. Byddent yn fodd i reolwyr glofeydd gadw cofnod o bwy oedd wrth eu gwaith, ond roedden nhw'n hanfodol pan fyddai'n rhaid i'r gwasanaethau brys wybod faint yn union o ddynion oedd danddaear wedi tân neu ffrwydrad. Daeth systemau tocynnau yn gyffredin yn niwedd y bedwaredd ganrif ar bymtheg, cyn dod yn orfodol ym 1913 wedi diwygio Deddf Pyllau Glo 1911.

Byddai'r systemau cynnar fel arfer yn defnyddio un tocyn ar gyfer pob gweithiwr danddaear a byddai'r glöwr yn mynd â'r tocyn adref ar ddiwedd y sifft. Cai'r tocyn ei roi i'r ceidwad lampau ar ddechrau'r sifft yn gyfnewid am lamp ddiogelwch ag arni'r un rhif â'r tocyn. Ar ddiwedd y sifft byddai'r glöwr yn dychwelyd ei lamp ac yn casglu'r tocyn gan y ceidwad neu o 'fwrdd tocynnau'.

Byddai tocynnau'n amrywio rhwng meysydd glo ac yn newid dros amser, ond erbyn diwedd y 1970au system ddiogelwch dri thocyn oedd yn gyffredin. Byddai pob gweithiwr danddaear yn derbyn tri thocyn fyddai'n aml o siâp a maint gwahanol; cai un ei adael yn yr ystafell lampau, un ei roi i'r bancwr ar ben y siafft ac un ei gadw gyda'r gweithiwr drwy'r sifft.

Cai rhif ei stampio ar y tocynnau yn ogystal ag enw'r pwll neu'r cwmni mwyngloddio. Wedi gwladoli'r diwydiant 'Bwrdd Glo Cenedlaethol' fyddai'n cael ei stampio ar y tocynnau yn ogystal â'r rhanbarth benodol. Tocynnau pres gai eu defnyddio fel arfer, ond roedd tocynnau sinc, alwminiwm, Bakelite a phlastig ar gael. Byddai siapau'r tocynnau yn amrywio hefyd, o sgwariau, cylchoedd a hirgrynion i hecsagonau ac octagonau. Erbyn diwedd y 1990au roedd cardiau adnabod plastig yn cymryd lle'r tocynnau lamp.

Defnyddiai'r Gwasanaeth Achub Glofaol system debyg yn ystod argyfyngau, system debyg i'r system dri thocyn ond un a sefydlwyd yn gynharach. Byddai disg blastig goch yn cael ei gadael yn yr ystafell lampau, disg blastig gyda'r banciwr a disg gopr yn cael ei gwisgo o amgylch y gwddf tra bod y gweithiwr achub danddaear.

Defnyddiwyd tocynnau eraill yn y diwydiant glo hefyd – ar gyfer ffrwydron, ffreuturau, baddondai pen pwll, bysiau a threnau. Byddai'r undebau llafur glofaol hefyd yn defnyddio tocynnau i ddangos bod aelod wedi talu ei dâl aelodaeth. Byddai sefydliadau glowyr a thafarndai lleol hefyd yn cynhyrchu tocynnau cwrw ar achlysuron arbennig.

sylw(76)

terry leslie
21 Chwefror 2022, 10:50
FTAO Ceri Thompson
Hi Ceri, I'm writing a novel set during the period 1900-1903. It's based on a true story from details on a memorial stone in Trane Cemetery near Tonyrefail. Ever heard of the Frank Slide that occurred in the North West Territories of Canada on the 29th April 1903? Not many have I certainly hadn't. Have a look on line and I think you'll be surprised. So half of the story is set around Tonyrefail and the second half in Canada where the Williams family emigrated. There were lots of Welsh miners there that night and several from Tonyrefail.
Anyway a question on lamp checks please if you can clarify. In the U.K. it seems that only one lamp check was issued to a miner that he exchanged for his numbered lamp. But if in an explosion he was separated from his lamp that kind of defeats the object of identification. In Canada it seems that they were issued with two lamp checks, one to keep on them personally during a shift and the second to hand in for his lamp which makes more sense. Or is it the case that procedures just altered over the years?
I like to get the facts right or otherwise someone will be sure to tell me!
Allan watkins
9 Rhagfyr 2021, 15:12
I have a tom/Williams aberdare davy safety lamp dated 67 the number on the lamp is 283 can you please let me know what colliery it cam from.if possible thank you.
Louise Whitworth
1 Hydref 2021, 10:49
I've found an old token in my garden and would be interested in identifying the owner. Both my grandfathers and dad were pit moggies. Are you able to trace individual miners?
It's Bentinck Colliery
1720
Roger Cole
5 Medi 2021, 19:59
My grandfather Henry Lewis along with another miner, Ernest Watkins was killed underground at Cribbwr Fawr Colliery,Pyle on 12th November 1925. A brave, but unsuccessful rescue attempt was carried out by the shift Overman, Albert Gubb. Mr Gubb did manage to rescue another miner, Jenkin John Bowden. For his heroic bravery Mr Gubb was awarded the "Order of St John of Jerusalem, Lifesaving Medal, silver" The medal was presented to Mr Gubb at a public meeting in Kenfig Hill. Do you have any information regarding the accident at Cribbwr Fawr or, indeed any information about the colliery itself? I'm 76 years young but I still have huge respect for my grandad and for Albert Gubb.
Carole Challenger
31 Awst 2021, 14:25

I am cleaning out my parents house after their passing and I have found two lamp checks.

PPG 1125

and

29 64

Could you help me find out the Mine and the owners please?

Tom Hungerford
10 Awst 2021, 21:55
I have a collection of lamp checks a watch case shot firing key tobacco box cap lamp and battery and a resperators I want to sell any collectors interested ?
Pat Bevan (Maiden name Davey)
4 Chwefror 2021, 00:54
Hello,
I recently found a lamp token stamped YNYSFAIO COLLIERIES (108)

My Grandfather William Davey worked in a coal mine in Treherbert, not sure which one. Maybe Fernhill? He and his wife and two sons emigrated to Canada in 1923. I'm wondering if it is something Gramp brought with him or maybe he got on a visit to the Rhondda in 1958. Are there museums that collect these tokens? I'd be happy to pass this one on. Any information you can send would be greatly appreciated.
Thank you,
Pat Bevan
Abbotsford, BC
Canada
Ceri Thompson Staff Amgueddfa Cymru
9 Rhagfyr 2020, 10:50
Hi Mr Richards,

The colliery was sunk in 1894 by Thomas Williams & Sons (Llangennech) Ltd., but by 1926 ownership had changed to Evan Williams.

Ackroyd and Best Ltd. existed under that name from 1897 to 1927, so the check dates between that period. At that time Morlais would have been using Ackroyd and Best lamps and the lamp checks would have also been supplied by that company. This practice was quite common in the coalfields. After 1947, of course, the checks would have NCB Morlais Colliery on them, but I bet a few of the older versions were in use after that date. I’d be interested to find out if the checks were stamped ‘Evan William’ after 1926

What’s the collier’s number stamped on the lamp? If it’s a very low number, it’s probably an official.

Best wishes

Ceri
David richards
6 Rhagfyr 2020, 18:57
I’ve just received a brass mine check on one side Ackroyd and best LTD on the other side it has Thomas Williams and sons Morlais colliery has a number aswell as an ex morlais miner I havnt seen this sort of detail on our brass checks any information would be appreciated
Ceri Thompson Staff Amgueddfa Cymru
28 Hydref 2020, 11:55
Dear Sven

I'm afraid that we don't have any employment records from Llanbradach Colliery. What years did he work there? If he worked in the industry after 1947 his records should be held by the Coal Authority who are responsible for the NCB/British Coal records. If he did his lamp number should be in the records.

Any problems please email me at ceri.thompson@museumwales.ac.uk.

Best wishes

Ceri Thompson, Curator, Big Pit
Nid yw sylwadau ar gael ar hyn o bryd. Ymddiheuriadau am yr anghyfleustra.