Casgliadau Celf Arlein

Catrin o Ferain, 'Mam Cymru' (1534/5-1591) [Katheryn of Berain, 'The Mother of Wales' (1534/5-1591)]

CRONENBURGH, Adriaen van (1520 - 1604)

Catrin o Ferain, 'Mam Cymru' (1534/5-1591)

Dyddiad: 1568

Cyfrwng: olew ar banel

Maint: 97.2 x 68.6 cm

Derbyniwyd: 1957; Prynwyd

Rhif Derbynoli: NMW A 19

Mae Catrin o Ferain yn dal llyfr gweddi gan fwytho penglog dynol â golwg ddwys ar ei hwyneb. Mae'r benglog yn digwydd yn aml mewn portreadau yn yr 16eg ganrif; mae’r gwrthgyferbyniad rhwng cnawd ac asgwrn yn ein hatgoffa pa mor fregus yw bywyd. Mae’n ymddangos fel pe bai’n galaru, ond mewn gwirionedd roedd hi newydd briodi’r asiant brenhinol Richard Clough. Fe’i cyflwynir fel gwraig addas i fasnachwr cyfoethog. Roedd ei gwisg goeth, ei chroen golau a’i haeliau cul yn hynod ffasiynol, ac mae’r llyfr gweddi’n cadarnhau ei duwioldeb.

Catrin oedd merch Tudur ap Robert Fychan o Ferain, Clwyd ac roedd yn ddisgynnydd uniongyrchol i Harri VII. Priododd bedair gwaith ac oherwydd ei hamrywiol blant a'i llys-blant fe'i gelwid yn Fam Cymru. Bu farw ei gw^r cyntaf John, mab ac aer Syr John Salusbury o Lyweni ym 1556. Ym 1567 priododd Syr Richard Clough, marsiandâwr cyfoethog o Ddinbych a phartner i'r banciwr Syr Thomas Gresham, a oedd yn byw yn Antwerp a Hamburg. Mae'n debyg i'r portread hwn gael ei beintio yng Ngogledd yr Iseldiroedd gan yr arlunydd van Cronenburgh o Fresia. Yn dilyn marwolaeth Clough ym 1570 dychwelodd i Gymru, ac erbyn 1573 yr oedd wedi priodi Maurice Wynn o Wydir, a fu farw ym 1580. Ym 1584 priododd am y tro olaf ag Edward Thelwall, Plas y Ward.

sylw(26)

Graham Senior-Milne
10 Mawrth 2018, 23:21
Berain is at Google/Bing map ref 53.215386, -3.488243. I have visited it. The owners were very friendly when I explained that Katheryn was an ancestor.
Triska Evans
3 Tachwedd 2017, 00:05
Has anyone heard of the stain in Gwydir Castle which marks the spot where Catrin is supposed to have murdered her husband Richard Clough?
Sara Huws Staff Amgueddfa Cymru
19 Medi 2017, 10:37

Haia Twm

I also grew up very aware of Catrin and her story, as some of my family also hail from the same area. It is just such a fascinating portrait. I particularly like the jewels - she looks quite plainly dressed until you start counting the diamonds she's wearing!

The publically available information on Berain, which is on private property, can be found on the Royal Commission on Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales' Coflein service: Berain.

Cofion cynnes,

Sara
Digital Team

Twm Sion Catti
18 Medi 2017, 19:50
A GREAT article bringing back so many memories.
I was born and brought up in Denbigh / Dinbych and reference was often made to Katheryn of Berain, 'The Mother of Wales'.
No-one seemed to know where 'Berain' was / is. There were a number of places which were called Berain but were far too modern to be the original.
I notice that someone has posted that they've been to the building and found it rather small. However, the writer didn't give a precise location.
Any clues, or exact details, please.

Diolch


18 Awst 2017, 20:07
I just discovered and confirmed that Katrin was my 12× great grandmother through her marriage to my 12× great grandfather, Sir John Salusbury. How cool is that. Now what?
Janet Kemp
25 Tachwedd 2016, 04:07
I am a descendant of The Mother of Wales through her marriage to Sir John Salisbury... I notice the name was spelled Salusbury back then. ??
Yet another descendant
29 Medi 2016, 10:42
Katheryn Tudor was my 11th g-grandmother. Her g-g-grandmother was Catherine of Valois, the Queen Consort to England's King Henry V, mother of Henry VI, and daughter of France's King Charles VI.
11 Medi 2016, 21:57
She is my 13th great grandmother. I was hoping there was more information on her family line going further back. There is so much inaccurate information on the internet and it is extremely difficult when it comes to Wales when there were no surnames.
28 Rhagfyr 2015, 23:07
I am a descendant of Morris Wynne and Jane Buckley of Gwydyr. Catherine Tudor of Berain was the stepmother of my ancestor Sir John Wynn. She was believed to be the great-granddaughter of Henry Tudor, King of England and Earl of Richmond. My ancestor, George Wynne, was born in 1675 and was sent to Isle of Wight County, Virginia by his relative William Williams. George later moved to Bertie County, North Carolina where he lived until his death in 1751. My great-grandmother was Elizabeth Wynne Cowan, wife of Charles Edward Cowan. My grandparents were Essie Cowan and Duncan Winston Miller of Bertie County. You will find my family history on the site made Sally Moore Koestler. The name was also spelled Wynn and Wynns. If you decide not to publish this, please tell me why.
Sara Huws Staff Amgueddfa Cymru
10 Rhagfyr 2014, 10:28

Hi Rachel - please visit the link below to learn more about print on demand and image licensing:
Print on Demand

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