Y Terra Nova yn nociau Bute East, Caerdydd, 15 Mehefin 1910
Y Terra Nova yn nociau Bute East, Caerdydd, 15 Mehefin 1910
Ar fwrdd y Terra Nova yng Nghaerdydd, 17 Mehefin 1913.
F.C. Bowring (blaen ar y chwith) a Daniel Radcliffe (blaen ar y dde) gyda'r Comander E.R.G.R. Evans (mewn het silc) ar fwrdd y Terra Nova yng Nghaerdydd, 17 Mehefin 1913.
Y Terra Nova yn gadael Caerdydd, 15 Mehefin 1910
Y Terra Nova yn gadael Caerdydd, 15 Mehefin 1910
Robert Falcon Scott (1868-1912) oddeutu 1905
Robert Falcon Scott (1868-1912) oddeutu 1905

SS Terra Nova

Ar 15 Mehefin 1910 gwaeddodd tyrfa fawr, gynhyrfus a swnllyd nerth eu pennau wrth i long dan bwysau llwyth trwm adael Basn y Rhath, yn nociau Caerdydd. Roedd yr SS Terra Nova yn mynd am y de — i'r Antarctig. Ar ei bwrdd roedd y Capten Robert Falcon Scott ac aelodau o'i Alldaith Brydeinig i'r Antarctig, a oedd yn anelu i fod y cyntaf i gyrraedd Pegwn y De.

Glo Cymreig

Roedd y Terra Nova wedi cyrraedd Caerdydd bum niwrnod ynghynt i baratoi ar gyfer ei thaith ac i lwytho tanwydd. Darparodd cwmnïau glo Cymru dri chan tunnell o Danwydd Patent y Goron a chan tunnell o lo stêm, ynghyd â phum can galwyn o olew peiriannau ac olew lampau — a hynny'n rhad ac am ddim. Y Cwmni Tunplat Cymreig o Lanelli ddarparodd yr holl offer coginio ar gyfer y daith, a phrynwyd sach gysgu Capten Robert Falcon Scott gydag arian a godwyd gan Ysgol y Sir yn Aberteifi. Yn ogystal â chymorth mewn da, codwyd £2,500 pellach yng Nghaerdydd, mwy nag yn unrhyw ddinas arall. Yn lleol, y noddwyr unigol mwyaf, a dau o gefnogwyr mwyaf brwd y fenter, oedd y perchnogion llong o Gaerdydd, Daniel Radcliffe a William J. Tatem. Chwaraeodd y ddau ran bwysig wrth godi arian a sicrhau arian nawdd o blith cymunedau busnes Cymru, a drwy ddarparu cyfleusterau doc ar gyfer y Terra Nova. Cymaint oedd y gefnogaeth i'r daith yng Nghymru fel y dynodwyd Caerdydd yn borthladd cartref y Terra Nova, ac i Ddoc Bute y dychwelodd ar ddiwedd yr alldaith ar 14 Mehefin 1913.

Pam Caerdydd?

Ym Mehefin 1909, cyfarfu William Davies, golygydd y Western Mail, a swyddog llynges ifanc, yr is-gapten E.R.G.R. Evans, a oedd yn trefnu ei alldaith ei hun i'r Antarctig. Roedd Davies yn awyddus iawn i gefnogi'r hyn a ystyriai yn Alldaith Antarctig Genedlaethol Gymreig — mae'n debygol mai brodor o Gaerdydd oedd tad-cu Davies — a chredai y byddai busnesau Caerdydd yn cefnogi menter o'r fath.

Yn fuan wedi hynny, clywodd Evans am alldaith arfaethedig Scott, ac ymunodd ag ef fel dirprwy, gan ddod a chefnogaeth golygydd y Western Mail, a'r posibilrwydd o noddwyr Cymreig, gydag ef. Roedd Davies yn allweddol nid yn unig o ran ennill cefnogaeth busnesau a chyhoedd Cymru ar gyfer alldaith Scott, ond hefyd drwy ddwyn perswâd ar ei gydwladwr, Canghellor y Trysorlys, David Lloyd George, i ddarparu grant llywodraeth o £20,000. Yn wir, heb ddylanwad Davies, cefnogaeth y Western Mail, a'r perchnogion llong Cymreig, ni fyddai Capten Scott wedi gadael mewn pryd i gyrraedd y Pegwn yn 1912.

Cysylltiadau Cymreig

Roedd yna Evans arall yng nghriw'r Terra Nova, sef Is-swyddog Edgar Evans o Rhosili, Gŵyr. Roedd wedi bod yn yr Antarctig gyda Scott ar alldaith y Discovery yn 1901—4, ac fe'i dewiswyd gan Scott i fod yn aelod o'i fintai ar alldaith 1910—12. Evans oedd y cyntaf i farw ar yr ymdaith yn ôl o Begwn y De.

Coffâd

I goffáu cysylltiadau Scott â Chaerdydd codwyd goleudy ym 1915 ym Mharc y Rhath a gosodwyd plac efydd ar risiau Neuadd y Ddinas ym 1916. Ym Mehefin 2003 datgelwyd cerflun coffaol ym Mae Caerdydd.

sylw(9)

Charles Wilson-Watkins
12 Chwefror 2021, 11:13
Dear David

I wonder, if I could please take a copy of the Welsh flag and mention it in an post on my FB page. Off course, I will credit where I have got the image from

ROGER WILLIAMS
16 Hydref 2020, 16:41
At present I am researching my family Tree and my grandfather Sidney Richard Williams was a hotelier in the dock area; the West Dock Hotel, Herbert Street; and I remember my father telling me that prior to the sailing of the Terra Nova, Scott's wife and son, Peter (later the well known ornithologist) stayed in the Hotel. My father Thomas would have been about 5 or 6 years old at the time. If you are able to either corroberate any of this or shed any further light I would, obviously be very interested.
Jennifer Protheroe-Jones, Principal Curator – Industry Staff Amgueddfa Cymru
27 Medi 2019, 10:51

Dear George Clack,

I am sorry but the Museum does not hold any records that could confirm whether your ancestor was awarded the Polar Medal (as the Arctic Medal was renamed – there is a useful online article here). If you obtain a copy of the following book it will explain how to research your ancestor’s Royal Naval service: B. Pappalardo “Tracing your naval ancestors”, Richmond: Public Record Office, 2003. Second-hand copies are available from online booksellers for under £5.00. Royal Navy service records usually record all the ships that a man served on, and usually also record all medals awarded. Once you establish the names of the ships he served on, and the dates he served on them, the logs of the ships can be checked to see whether they were associated with Antarctic expeditions. There are useful online articles on Scott’s expeditions: the Discovery Expedition of 1901-1904 and the Terra Nova Expedition of 1910-1913. The list of books at the end of each article contain fuller accounts and may detail the involvement of any Royal Navy ships – most twentieth-century books published in the UK can be ordered on inter-library loan from your local public library. The Wikipedia article on the Polar Medal / Arctic Medal mentions the numbers awarded which appear to only total around 1,200. The National Archives class ADM 171 lists Royal Navy medal recipients; ADM 176/61 is described as being “Miscellaneous medal roll: covering awards to the Royal Navy including lists of the Arctic and Polar Medals…” and other medals and awards, 1866 to 1966. You will need to contact the National Archives directly to obtain further details.

I regret that the Museum is not able to directly help you and hope that these suggestions may be useful to you.

Yours sincerely,

Jennifer Protheroe-Jones
Principal Curator – Industry

George clack
23 Medi 2019, 11:55
My grandfather was a member of the royal navy as a regular service man the story has always been told in the family that the ship he was serving on at the time accompanied Scott to a certain point in Antarctica were the y repovisioned his ship before he continued and they returned home and that members of the crew received the Artic medal he died in 1936 and we have wondered if this is fact and if so what the name of the Royal Navel was wr do not know whether this was the first or second attempt I would be most grateful for any information you have and perhaps be able to pass a fuller story onto my grandchildren THANK YOU
Mark Etheridge, Curator: Industry and Transport Staff Amgueddfa Cymru
2 Chwefror 2018, 10:23

On the subject of whether or not Scott was on board in Cardiff:

Scott and various Cardiff dignitaries were on the Terra Nova when she sailed from Cardiff, but they got off onto the tug Falcon near the Breaksea lightship down the channel. Scott eventually returned to London to continue fundraising, and joined the ship in Lyttleton, New Zealand. See ‘Scott of the Antarctic and Cardiff’ by A.M. Johnson (Cardiff, 1984), which is an excellent account of the whole Scott/Cardiff association.

Sara Huws Staff Amgueddfa Cymru
30 Ionawr 2018, 16:17
Hi there,

Thanks for your comment - I think there is a bit of confusion about whether or not Scott himself joined the vessel in Cardiff. I will ask our curator to take another look at this article to see if we can clarify things.

Best wishes

Sara
Digital Team
I was led to believe that Scott was on board when they left cardiff. What makes ppl think he joined elsewhere.
30 Ionawr 2018, 10:01
I have read some original newspapers from that particular time and it says Scott and his party left from Cardiff on the Terra Nova. Yet I have just read he joined the ship elsewhere. Why would he do that?
pete
8 Medi 2016, 08:28
On 15 June 1910, Scott's ship Terra Nova, an old converted whaler, set sail from Cardiff, south Wales. Scott meanwhile was fundraising in Britain and joined the ship later in South Africa.
23 Chwefror 2016, 19:45
scott did not sail from cardiff on the terra nova. He joined it later abroad.

Gadael sylw