Amgueddfa Blog

Am dywydd diddorol Gyfeillion y Gwanwyn!

Wrth edrych trwy ein canlyniadau o 2011 i 2017 (gan ddefnyddio'r siart ar y dde), gallwn weld fod Tachwedd a Rhagfyr 2017 wedi cael tymheredd a glawiad llai na'r cyfartalog, ond oriau o haul uchaf na'r cyfartalog! Drwy gymharu'r data ar gyfer 2017 gyda blynyddoedd blaenorol, gallwn weld cafodd Tachwedd a Rhagfyr 2017 yr oriau o haul trydydd uchaf ers i ni gychwyn ein cofnodion.

Beth am weithio allan eich darlleniadau cyfartalog ar gyfer mis Tachwedd a Rhagfyr a chymharu heu’n hefo’r darlleniadau yn y tabl?

Mae nifer ohonoch wedi rhoi gwybod bod eich planhigion wedi cychwyn tyfu! Ydych chi'n meddwl y bydd y Crocws neu’r Cennin Pedr yn ymddangos yn gyntaf? Beth am edrych drwy’r adroddiad llynedd a chymharu'r dyddiau blodeuo ar gyfer y Crocws a’r Cennin Pedr i'ch helpu penderfynu pa un fydd yn tyfu’n gyntaf?

Rwyf wedi atodi lluniau gan ysgolion a rhannwyd ar Twitter. Plîs rhannwch eich lluniau fel bydda’n gallu dangos nhw ar fy blog nesaf!

Daliwch ati Gyfeillion y Gwanwyn,

Athro'r Ardd

 

Eich sylwadau:

Ferryside V.C.P School: Mae wedi bod yn wythnos wlyb dros ben!

Ysgol Carreg Emlyn: Roedd yr ysgol ar gau Dydd Llun a Dydd Mawrth oherwydd yr eira.

Pembroke Primary School: We have planted tulips in pots also in school and it will be interesting to see how they compare to the daffodils and crocus. Professor Plant: That will be interesting, let me know how they compare Bulb Buddies!

Portpatrick Primary School: Shoots are stretching out of the ground :) . Professor Plant: What a lovely way of describing the sprouting of plants Bulb Buddies!

Inverkip Primary School: We really enjoyed doing it. We really want to do it again. Professor Plant: I’m glad to hear you are enjoying the project Bulb Buddies. Keep up the good work!

Newton Primary School: It's been a lovely week. It's been quite cold, but mainly dry. Four plants have started to grow over the weekend and by the end of the week they were around 2cm tall. Professor Plant: Gosh Bulb Buddies, thank you for keeping such a close eye on your plants. It will be interesting to see how much they grow week by week!

Darran Park Primary: There hasn't been any change to our bulbs this week.

Auchenlodment Primary School: We can see some roots growing out the bottom of the pots.

Ysgol San Sior: Our plants are growing well.

Darran Park Primary: We had a lot of snow on the weekend the temperature was very cold and below freezing on Monday and Tuesday. The temperature rose a little on Wednesday and it rained a lot.

Carnbroe Primary School: Hi Professor Plant last week we had snow,snow,snow! On Tuesday the rainfall cup was filled with snow because of the low temperature. On Friday we got sent home because of the red warning about a blizzard coming our way. Our bulbs look safe and are still sleeping. Professor Plant: Wow Bulb Buddies, it sounds as though you have had some extreme weather! Thank you for keeping me up dated.

St Julians Primary School: Melted snow increased our rainfall total on Monday. Our plants didn't seem to mind the colder weather!

Newton Primary School: A chilly week on the playground!

Beaufort Hill Primary School: Closed Monday and Tuesday due to snow.

St. Nicholas Primary School: We had a snow day on Monday - the 40mm (42mm) was ice in our rain gauge!

Hudson Road Primary School: It is getting colder and we have had heavy rain again

St Paul's CE Primary School: Frosty every morning, sunny spells.

Peterston super Ely Primary School: It was a wet week this week!

St Andrew's RC Primary School: We hope you have a merry Christmas and a happy new year. Professor Plant: Thank you Bulb Buddies, I hope you all enjoyed your holidays!

St Michael's CE (Aided) Primary School: There has been snow laying on our playground 11/12 December.

Canonbie Primary School: It's Christmas jumper day today so we were all wearing our Christmas jumpers as we were out measuring rainfall.

 

Following Wrexham Museum’s recent acquisition of the Bronington Hoard, a collection of 15th century gold and silver coins and a gold and sapphire ring found by local metal detectorists, the Saving Treasures; Telling Stories Project helped fund the Buried in the Borderlands Community Archaeology Project.

The project, which goes on display in March, focuses on working with and inspiring the local community to investigate and produce creative responses to the historic objects discovered right under their noses.

David and Jill Burton are part of the Maelor heritage society set up by the museum, a group of volunteers who research and help to exhibit the Bronington findings. We caught up with them to talk about the project.

Why were you drawn to the project?

We have enjoyed the opportunity to be involved with the “Buried in the Borderlands" project as volunteers with the Wrexham Museum team. Initially it was curiosity that took us along to the community meeting in the local pub to find out about more about the hoard that had been discovered in a field not far from where we live. This was followed up with meetings at the museum and the exciting chance to examine at close quarters the coins and ring that had been discovered. 

The hoard consists of 52 coins and a gold ring with a sapphire stone, all buried in approximately 1465. The hoard has been dated to a period of history we knew little about, the Wars of the Roses and we were intrigued what effect the conflict had had on our local area. 

What does your voluntary work involve?

Our “homework" between meetings was the opportunity to research into settlement and ways of life in the Maelor area 550 years ago and the politics of the time. Out limited knowledge of old coins, their designs and production, was helped by attending an excellent Numismatics Day at Wrexham Museum with the chance to listen to top quality speakers from the Royal Mint and the Fitzwilliam Museum amongst others.

What’s your favourite aspect of being involved with “Buried in the Borderlands”?

We enjoyed using the information we had discovered to put together a brief for designers of the popup information boards which would accompany displays and were delighted to see the resulting ideas come to fruition.

But I think our favourite part of the project was helping museum staff take a sample of the hoard and the completed information boards “on tour”, to three venues in the area where the hoard had been discovered, a community centre, a school hall and a heritage centre. At all three places we were met with interest and enthusiasm by visitors of all ages.

We loved having the time to chat, to explain and to listen to theories on why our visitors thought the hoard had been buried. We met 387 people on these days, some were local historians, some metal detectorists, some local residents and farmers but we especially enjoyed talking to the children who loved seeing “real treasure” and had the most imaginative theories as to its origins.

What does the future hold for the project?

We look forward to the next stage in the New Year when we can help with ideas for the designs for the permanent exhibition of the Bronington Hoard in Wrexham Museum, and of course the grand opening when for the first time we will see our local hoard all displayed together for everyone to appreciate and enjoy.

Interested in getting involved? Contact Wrexham Museum directly to find out more.

Dim syniadau am anrhegion i’r plant eleni? Mae digon o ysbrydoliaeth yng nghasgliadau’r Amgueddfa. Bydd rhai o’r eitemau yma’n cael eu harddangos yn orielau newydd Sain Ffagan Amgueddfa Werin Cymru yn hydref 2018.

Peiriant gwnïo tegan

Rhif caffael: F82.51.63

Oes rhywun yn y teulu’n dwlu ar wnïo? Margaret Eckley o Sili oedd perchennog y tegan hyfryd hwn. Byddai wedi chawrae ag ef yn y 1930au. Mae’n cael ei droi â llaw ac yn addurn arno mae llun o’r Hugan Fach Goch. Mae llyfr cyfarwyddiadau ganddo hefyd.

 

Set o filwyr bychan

Rhif caffael: 56.313.134 – 154

Beth am hen ffefryn? O Aberhonddu y daw’r set hon o filwyr tegan. Wnaethon nhw fartiso yr holl ffordd? Cawsant eu rhoi i’r Amgueddfa yn y 1950au, a bydden nhw wedi cael eu defnyddio gan blant y rhoddwr a gafodd eu geni yn y 1890au.

 

Tractor tegan Corgi

Rhif caffael: F00.27.9

Mae ceir bach Corgi yn boblogaidd o hyd. Plant o Gaerdydd fyddai wedi chwaraeâ’r tractor hwn yn y 1950au a’r 1960au.

 

Dol gwisg Gymreig

Rhif caffael: 30.316

Ganol y 19eg ganrif byddai plant wedi chwarae â’r ddol Gymreig hon. Mae’n rhaid ei bod hi wedi cael ei thrysori – roedd hi yn nheulu’r rhoddwr am 80 mlynedd. I weld mwy o ddoliau Cymreig ewch i wefan Casgliad y Werin Cymru.

 

LEGO Nadolig

Rhif caffael: 2000.194/1

Fyddai hi ddim yn Nadolig heb LEGO! Dyma sïon corn a’i sled a gynhyrchwyd yn ffatri LEGO yn Wrecsam.

Dyw’r gwrthrychau ddim i’w gweld ar hyn o bryd, ond byddan nhw ar y wefan yn fuan, ynghyd â nifer o’n casgliadau Celf, Archaeoleg, Diwydiannol, Cymdeithasol a Diwylliannol. Diolch i chwaraewyr y People’s Postcode Lottery am eu cefnogaeth i’r gwaith hwn.

Os oes gwrthrych penodol yr hoffech chi ei weld yn unrhyw un o’n hamgueddfeydd, gwnewch yn siŵr ei fod yn cael ei ddangos cyn teithio, neu gallwch chi drefnu apwyntiad i’w weld.

People's Postcode Lottery Logo

Mae llai nag wythnos tan ddiwrnod Nadolig ac i'r rhan fwyaf ohonom mae'r gwaith paratoi ac addurno yn dod i ben. Mae ein cartrefi yn edrych yn fendigedig, a'r goeden Nadolig yn disgleirio gyda goleuadau. Mae'r cardiau Nadolig wedi eu postio, y negeseuon cyfryngau cymdeithasol wedi eu danfon, a'r anrhegion wedi eu lapio. Mae'r twrci wedi'i archebu a'r pwdin Nadolig wedi ei brynnu (neu ei goginio!). Erys y traddodiadau yma yn rhan bwysig o'r Nadolig yn 2017 ond paham ac o ble y ddaeth y traddodiadau hyn?

Addurniadau

Rydym wedi addurno ein cartrefi ar yr adeg hon o'r flwyddyn ers amser y Paganiaid. Defnyddiwyd bytholwyrdd gan y Paganiaid i gydnabod byrddydd y gaeaf ac i'w hatgoffa bod y Gwanwyn ar ei ffordd. Y Pab Julius 1 benderfynodd taw y 25ain o Rhafgyr fyddai dyddiad dathlu geni Crist, a gan bod y dyddiad hwn yn cwympo yng nghanol dathliadau'r Paganiaid, amsugnwyd rhai o draddodiadau y Paganiaid i mewn i galendr y Cristnogion, gan gynnwys addurno gyda bytholwyrdd, yn enwedig gyda chelyn.

I Gristnogion roedd planhigion bytholwyrdd yn arwyddocâd o fywyd tragwyddol Duw; y celyn yn symbol o goron ddraen yr Iesu ar y Groes, a'r aeron ei yn cynrychioli ei waed. Yn ogystal â hyn, roedd i blanhigion bytholwyrdd eraill arwyddocâd yn ystod y cyfnod. Mae iorwg, er enghraifft, yn blanhigyn sydd yn glynnu, ac felly roedd yn symbol o ddyn yn dal ei afael yn dynn ar Dduw. Ystyrid bod gan rhosmari gysylltiad â'r Forwyn Fair tra bod gan llawryf, neu glust yr Asen, gysylltiad â llwyddiant, yn enwedig llwyddiant Duw yn goroesi yn erbyn y Diafol. Credid bod celyn a iorwg yn blanhigion benywaidd a gwrywaidd. Celyn a'i bigau miniog yn cynrychioli'r dyn tra bod yr Iorwg yn cynrychioli'r fenyw.  Pa bynnag un o'r rhain a fyddai'n croesi'r trothwy gyntaf fyddai'n dynodi pen y cartref am y flwyddyn i ddod. Anlwc oedd addurno gyda'r bytholwyrdd cyn Noswyl Nadolig ac anlwc hefyd oedd ei dynnu o'r cartref cyn y ddeuddegfed nos.

Yng nghefn gwlad Cymru addurnwyd cartrefi gyda phlanhigion bytholwyrdd yn oriau man y bore cyn mynd i'r gwasanaeth Plygain yn yr eglwys blwyfol. Gwasanaeth garolau oedd gwasanaeth y Plygain a oedd yn cael ei gynnal fel arfer rhwng 3 o'r gloch a 6 o'r gloch y bore. Unigolion a grwpiau fyddai'n canu'r carolau. Arferid goleuo'r ffordd i'r egwlys gyda chanhwyllau'r Plygain ac fe'i gosodwyd hefyd yn yr egwlys i'w addurno a'i oleuo. Defnyddiwyd canhwyllau fel addurn gan y Paganiaid i'w hatgoffa am olau'r haul ac fe'u defnyddiwyd gan Gristnogion fel atgoffeb am bresenoldeb Duw. Cyn ddyfodiad trydan goleuwyd coed Nadolig gyda chanwyllau.

Cliciwch yma i glywed Parti Fronheulog ac eraill yn canu’r garol “Addewid rasusol Ein Duw”. Recordiwyd gan Amgueddfa Werin Cymru yn ficerdy Llanrhaeadr-ym mochnant wedi’r Swper Plygain yno ym mis Ionawr 1966.

https://www.casgliadywerin.cymru/items/738256

Coed Nadolig ac Addurniadau Eraill

Mae tystiolaeth ar gael i awgrymu bod coed Nadolig wedi cael eu defnyddio fel addurn Nadolig ym Mhrydain mor bell yn ôl â'r 1790au, a bod y siap triongl i Gristnogion yn arwydd o'r cysylltiad rhwng y mab, y tad a'r ysbryd glân. Ddaeth y traddodiad yn fwy poblogaidd yn oes Fictoria oherwydd i'r Frenhines Fictoria a'r Tywysog Albert ddefnyddio coeden Nadolig i addurno Castell Windsor yn 1841 ac eto yn 1848. Ymddangosodd llun o'r teulu gyda'r goeden wedi ei haddurno yn The London Illustrated News.

Yn yr 1920au dechreuodd addurniadau artiffisial gymryd lle'r planhigion bytholwyrdd, yn enwedig mewn trefi a dinasoedd. Roedd addurniadau artiffisial erbyn hyn yn rhatach i'w prynnu, ac wedi cael eu gwerthu mewn siopau fel Woolworths ers yr 1880au, yn ogystal â losin, cacennau a rhubannau. Yn y 1920au a'r 1930au gwelwyd dechrau ar yr arfer o lapio anrhegion. Gwelwyd y goleuadau trydanol cyntaf ar goeden Nadolig yn Efrog Newydd yn 1882, dim on tair mlynedd ar ol ddyfeisio'r bwlb golau.

Adeg yr ail Rhyfel Byd daeth cadwynni papur yn boblogaidd fel addurniadau Nadolig gan ei bod yn hawdd i'w creu yn y cartref, ac yn y 1950au gwelwyd coed Nadolig artiffisial yn cael eu gwerthu.

Pob adeg Nadolig yn Amgueddfa Werin Cymru mae'r staff yn addurno'r adeiladau gydag addurniadau sy'n addas ar gyfer y cyfnod a'r ardal.

Cardiau Nadolig

Yn 1840 dyfeisiwyd y "Penny Post" gan Rowland Hill ac yn sgil hynny cynhyrchwyd 1000 o gardiau Nadolig gan Sir Henry Cole yn ei siop gelf yn Llundain er mwyn eu gwerthu am swllt yr un. Erbyn 1870, gan bod y system trenau erbyn hyn yn fwy cyflym, roedd pobl yn gallu danfon eu cardiau Nadolig am hanner ceiniog. Yng nghasgliad Amgueddfa Victoria ac Albert yn Llundain, mae carden Nadolig a ddanfonwyd o Gwrt-yr-Ala yng Nghaerdydd yn 1844.

Bwydydd Nadolig

Erbyn heddiw cysylltir y Nadolig â bwyta bwyd moethus fel pwdin Nadolig. Yn draddodiadol gwnaethpwyd y pwdin Nadolig 5 wythnos cyn y Nadolig ac yn Nghymru arferid rhoi tro i bob aelod o'r teulu, yn cynnwys y plant a'r gweision, i droi y gymysgedd, gyda phen y teulu yn cael y fraint o droi y gymysgedd yn gyntaf. Yn y gymysgedd rhoddwyd eitemau a oedd yn rhagweld y dyfodol. Os daethpwyd o hyd i fodrwy priodas, byddai hyn yn darogan priodi yn y dyfodol.  Os byddai dyn ifanc yn dod o hyd i fotwm yn y gymysgedd, byddai hyn yn darogan dyfodol unig fel hen lanc. Os byddai merch ifanc yn dod o hyd i winiadur byddai hyn yn darogan dyfodol heb briodas a bywyd unig fel hen ferch. Os dod o hyd i chwe ceiniog, byddai lwc dda yn dod i'ch rhan.

Bwyd traddodiadol arall a welid adeg y Nadolig yng Nghymru oedd cyflaith. Math o losin oedd hwn wedi ei wneud o fenyn, triog a siwgr wedi eu ferwi. Y gamp oedd tynnu a rolio'r gymysgedd tra ei fod yn oeri ac yna ei dorri wrth iddo galedu yn ddarnau bach. Roedd y rysait yn gallu amrywio o ardal i ardal. Cliciwch yma i weld ffilm o gyflaith yn cael ei baratoi

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=26bDQqRQICY

Nadolig Llawen i chi gyd!

 

Monday, 11th December, the National Museum Cardiff in Cathays hosted the first pilot activity of ‘Kick the Dust’, a Heritage Lottery funded youth and community engagement programme aiming to to work with 14-24 year olds and use the National Museums of Wales as tool boxes to provide fun, engagement, career and life-skills development opportunities. The first people to utilise the museums’ space was a group of twelve students in their second year of the BA Theatre and Performance course at Aberystwyth University. This was an opportunity for them the try out and experiment with performance techniques and styles studied in a module over the last ten weeks.

After a three-hour journey through snowy Wales, the students arrived and were taken on a tour; they were invited to examine and be inspired by the textures, architecture, sculptures and paintings within the building and the students developed physical responses to their chosen areas of interest. Initially, the museum felt like a loaded space to the students, they were unsure of the rules of engagement to begin with. However, through the course of the day, the students stretched out and embraced the museum; the performers worked the dormant surroundings and brought the halls of memory to life.  

Performances were filmed and photographed in four locations within the museum; an empty exhibit space, the theatre, the gallery space containing the painting ‘Choir of the Capuchin Church’ 1817 by François Marius Granet, and a taxidermy section of the natural history exhibition. These diverse spaces yielded equally diverse results. The first space, the empty exhibition, they found to be eerie and neutral so they used it to workshop and play with the concepts of a previous performance. The students engaged with this area for at least fifteen minutes of focussed and intense work which was fascinating to witness. The next space was the theatre and here the students felt at home and they really began to thrive. In the ten minutes of their performance here, they engaged with the architecture and sharp lines of the auditorium as well as the performer-audience relationship; this piece blurred the lines between the expected, smashing the fourth wall and replacing it with an osmotic veil which helped me, as an observer, reinterpret the space and the emotional journeys taken within it.

The next, more traditional museum-gallery location was enchanting to witness. The group were inspired by the depth and angles within the painting and decided to use a doorway between two gallery spaces as the ‘frame’ to their interpretive performance; they explored the role of the spectator observing the artwork, the shapes and emotion within the pieces themselves, and the angles and imposition of the cases and stands. It became an active, rhythmic representation of the feeling and themes present in the room within the framed-depth concept. I found myself observing their fluid development of the space as I would a static piece of art, finding new areas of detail and interpretation the longer you look. The last performance in the taxidermy exhibition was an intense one. They explored the processes involved in preparing taxidermy through physical gesture re-enactment and, in the confined space overlooked by wolves, skeletons and a bison, it became quite claustrophobic and uncomfortable; they captured the unnaturalness of the grotesque process.  

At 5pm, the students finally got on the coach back to Aberystwyth, still excited and proud of the amazing work they’d done at the museum. They had indeed managed to ‘Kick the Dust’.

This blog post was written by Christina Dixon, a BA history student volunteering and getting work experience at Amgueddfa Cymru-National Museum Wales.